Title
Atmospheric composition and micro-climate in the Alhambra monument, Granada (Spain), in the context of preventive conservation Atmospheric composition and micro-climate in the Alhambra monument, Granada (Spain), in the context of preventive conservation
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
conferenceObject
Publication
Bristol :Institute of Physics ,
Subject
Physics
Chemistry
Source (journal)
IOP conference series : materials science and engineering. - Bristol, 2009, currens
Volume/pages
37(2012) , p. 1-8
ISSN
1757-8981
1757-899X
Article Reference
012002
Carrier
E-only publicatie
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The world famous Alhambra monument in Granada, Southern Spain, listed as UNESCO world cultural heritage since 1984, represents probably the most beautiful example of Islamic art and architecture from the Middle Ages in Europe. It is visited by ca. 2 million people annually. Granada is situated in a natural basin, surrounded by mountains with altitudes up to 3500 m. Due to this topography and the prevailing low wind speeds, pollution-derived and especially traffic-derived particulate matter often accumulates in the urban air. In order to evaluate the potential conservation risks from the surrounding air, the atmospheric composition in the Alhambra monument was evaluated. Indoor temperature and relative humidity fluctuations were evaluated for their potential degenerative effects. Furthermore, the atmospheric composition in the Alhambra was analyzed in terms of inorganic gases (NO2, SO2, O3, and NH3) and black carbon. It was found that the open architecture protected the indoor environments from developing a potentially harmful microclimate, such as the build-up of humidity resulting from the huge number of daily tourists. On the downside, the strong ventilation made the indoor air hardly different from outdoor air, as characterized by strong diurnal temperature and relative humidity gradients and high traffic-derived pollutant levels.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/5d548f/41b2f540.pdf
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