Publication
Title
Effects of aerobic endurance, muscle strength, and motor control exercise on physical fitness and musculoskeletal injury rate in preprofessional dancers : an uncontrolled trial
Author
Abstract
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate musculoskeletal injury rate and physical fitness before and 6 months after an endurance, strength, and motor control exercise program in preprofessional dancers. Methods: This uncontrolled trial was completed at a college offering a professional bachelor degree in dance. Forty preprofessional dancers underwent a test battery before and after a 6-month lasting exercise program in addition to their regular dance lessons. Physical fitness was evaluated by means of a submaximal exercise test with continuous physiological monitoring and by a field test for explosive strength. Anthropometric measurements were taken to analyze the influence of fitness training on body composition. Musculoskeletal injury incidence and quality of life were recorded during the 6-month lasting intervention. An intention-to-treat analysis ("last observation carried forward" method) was used with a Student t test for normally distributed variables. The Wilcoxon signed rank and Mann-Whitney U tests were used as nonparametric tests. Results: Physical fitness improved after the 6 months of additional training program (P < .05). The waist: hip ratio (P = .036) and the sum of the measured subcutaneous skin thickness (P = .001) significantly decreased. Twelve dancers developed musculoskeletal complaints, requiring temporary interruption of dancing. Conclusions: The combination of regular dance lessons with an additional exercise program resulted in improved physical fitness in preprofessional dancers, without affecting the aesthetical appearance. A relatively high injury rate was observed during the intervention period. These results suggest that a randomized, controlled trial should be performed to examine the effectiveness of additional exercise in dancers on physical fitness and musculoskeletal injury rate. (J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2012;35:381-389)
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics. - Baltimore, Md
Publication
Baltimore, Md : 2012
ISSN
0161-4754
Volume/pages
35:5(2012), p. 381-389
ISI
000306068300006
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 03.08.2012
Last edited 15.05.2017
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