Title
The geographical distribution of big five personality traits : patterns and profiles of human self-description across 56 nations
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Communication Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Sociology
Source (journal)
Journal of cross-cultural psychology. - London, 1970, currens
Volume/pages
38(2007) :2 , p. 173-212
ISSN
0022-0221
1552-5422
ISI
000244529600005
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a self-report measure designed to assess the high-order personality traits of Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, and Openness. As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, the BFI was translated from English into 28 languages and administered to 17,837 individuals from 56 nations. The resulting cross-cultural data set was used to address three main questions: Does the factor structure of the English BFI fully replicate across cultures? How valid are the BFI trait profiles of individual nations? And how are personality traits distributed throughout the world? The five-dimensional structure was robust across major regions of the world. Trait levels were related in predictable ways to self-esteem, sociosexuality, and national personality profiles. People from the geographic regions of South America and East Asia were significantly different in openness from those inhabiting other world regions. The discussion focuses on limitations of the current data set and important directions for future research.
E-info
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