Title
Patterns and universals of adult romantic attachment across 62 cultural regions : are models of self and of other pancultural constructs?
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Communication Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Sociology
Source (journal)
Journal of cross-cultural psychology. - London, 1970, currens
Volume/pages
35(2004) :4 , p. 367-402
ISSN
0022-0221
1552-5422
ISI
000222193200001
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
As part of the International Sexuality Description Project, a total of 17,804 participants from 62 cultural regions completedthe RelationshipQuestionnaire(RQ), a self-reportmeasure of adult romanticattachment. Correlational analyses within each culture suggested that the Model of Self and the Model of Other scales of the RQ were psychometrically valid within most cultures. Contrary to expectations, the Model of Self and Model of Other dimensions of the RQ did not underlie the four-category model of attachment in the same way across all cultures. Analyses of specific attachment styles revealed that secure romantic attachment was normative in 79% of cultures and that preoccupied romantic attachment was particularly prevalent in East Asian cultures. Finally, the romantic attachment profiles of individual nations were correlated with sociocultural indicators in ways that supported evolutionary theories of romantic attachment and basic human mating strategies.
E-info
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