Publication
Title
Catechol pyrazolinones as trypanocidals : fragment-based design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of nanomolar inhibitors of trypanosomal phosphodiesterase B1
Author
Abstract
Trypanosomal phosphodiesterases B1 and B2 (TbrPDEB1 and TbrPDEB2) play an important role in the life cycle of Trypanosoma brucei, the causative parasite of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), also known as African sleeping sickness. We used homology modelling and docking studies to guide fragment growing into the parasite-specific P-pocket in the enzyme binding site. The resulting catechol pyrazolinones act as potent TbrPDEB1 inhibitors with IC50 values down to 49 nM. The compounds also block parasite proliferation (e.g. VUF13525 (20b): T. brucei rhodesiense IC50 = 60 nM, T. brucei brucei IC50 = 520 nM, T. cruzi = 7.6 µM), inducing a typical multiple nuclei- and kinetoplast phenotype without being generally cytotoxic. The mode of action of 20b was investigated with recombinantly engineered trypanosomes expressing a cAMP-sensitive FRET sensor, confirming a dose-response related increase of intracellular cAMP levels in trypanosomes. Our findings further validate the TbrPDEB family as antitrypanosomal target.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of medicinal chemistry. - Washington, D.C., 1963, currens
Publication
Washington, D.C. : 2012
ISSN
0022-2623
Volume/pages
55:20(2012), p. 8745-8756
ISI
000310120700015
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 11.09.2012
Last edited 31.07.2017
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