Title
Marfan syndrome : from gene to therapy Marfan syndrome : from gene to therapy
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Current opinion in pediatrics. - London
Volume/pages
24(2012) :4 , p. 498-504
ISSN
1040-8703
ISI
000306372200011
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Purpose of review Although historically Marfan syndrome (MFS) has always been considered as a condition caused by the deficiency of a structural extracellular matrix protein, fibrillin-1, the study of Marfan mouse models and Marfan-related conditions has shifted our current understanding to a pathogenic model that involves dysregulation of the cytokine-transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) signaling. Recent findings In this review, we focus on the impact of the revised MFS clinical diagnostic criteria. We discuss lessons that have been learned from molecular findings in relevant Marfan-related conditions, such as sporadic thoracic aortic aneurysm/dissection, stiff skin syndrome, acromelic dysplasias and Loeys-Dietz syndrome. We explore the latest insights into the role of the alternative TGF-beta signaling pathways in MFS pathogenesis. Finally, we give an update on the current and future treatment strategies. Summary The recent insights into the pathogenesis of MFS and related disorders have offered a prime example of translational medicine with immediate bridge between molecular findings and therapeutic options.
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