Publication
Title
study of the metabolome of an exceptionally anoxia tolerant vertebrate, the crucian carp (**Carassius carassius**)
Author
Abstract
The crucian carp (Carassius carassius) can tolerate anoxia for days to months, depending on the temperature. In this study, we applied 1H-NMR-based metabolomics to polar extracts of crucian carp brain, heart, muscle and liver samples obtained from fish exposed to either control normoxic conditions, acute anoxia (24 h), chronic anoxia (1 week) or reoxygenation (for 1 week following chronic anoxia) at 5 °C. Spectra of the examined tissues revealed changes in several energy-related compounds. In particular, anoxic stress resulted in decreased concentrations of phosphocreatine (muscle, liver) and glycogen (liver) and ATP/ADP (liver, heart and muscle) and increased concentrations of lactate (brain, heart, muscle) and beta-hydroxybutyric acid (all tissues). Likewise, increased concentrations of inhibitory compounds (glycine, gamma-amino butyric acid or GABA) and decreased concentrations of excitatory metabolites (glutamate, glutamine) were confirmed in the anoxic brain extracts. Additionally, a decrease of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), an important neuronal marker, was also observed in anoxic brains. The branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) valine/isoleucine/leucine increased in all anoxic tissues. Possibly, this general tissue increase can be due to an inhibited mitochondrial function or due to protein degradation/protein synthesis inhibition. In this study, the potential and strength of the 1H-NMR is highlighted by the detection of previously unrecognized changes in metabolites. Specifically, myo-inositol substantially decreased in the heart of anoxic crucian carp and anoxic muscle tissue displayed a decreased concentration of taurine, providing novel insights into the anoxia responses of the crucian carp.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Metabolomics. - Place of publication unknown
Publication
Place of publication unknown : 2013
ISSN
1573-3882
Volume/pages
9:2(2013), p. 311-323
ISI
000316913200005
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 17.09.2012
Last edited 14.09.2017
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