Title
Breeding ecology of rice field rats, **Rattus argentiventer** and **R. tanezumi** in lowland irrigated rice systems in the Philippines Breeding ecology of rice field rats, **Rattus argentiventer** and **R. tanezumi** in lowland irrigated rice systems in the Philippines
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam ,
Subject
Chemistry
Biology
Source (journal)
Agriculture, ecosystems and environment. - Amsterdam
Volume/pages
161(2012) :1 , p. 39-45
ISSN
0167-8809
ISI
000310385400005
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Rodents are one of the major pests in lowland irrigated rice crops in the Philippines. Rattus tanezumi occurs throughout the Philippines, whereas Rattus argentiventer does not occur on the main island of Luzon. Little is known about the breeding ecology of R. argentiventer and R. tanezumi where they coexist in the Philippines. We hypothesised that R. tanezumi breeding occurs throughout the season whereas the breeding of R. argentiventer is strongly cued to the generative stage of rice crops. We examined the breeding ecology of the two species in San Jose, Mindoro, Philippines, for four rice cropping seasons (two dry and two wet) over two years, 20092010, as a basis to develop effective management. We found to our surprise that their breeding ecology was similar. For both species (i) the onset of the breeding season was at the tillering stage of the rice crop; (ii) conception of adult females was highest at booting and ripening of rice; (iii) the highest litter size occurred at the ripening and stubble stages, and the lowest at tillering. Based on their breeding ecology we recommend that the most effective strategy to reduce damage to rice crops is to prevent the development of high populations of both species of rice field rats. This goal requires coordinated community control at both the sowing/planting time and maximum tillering of rice, in combination with the synchronous planting of rice to limit the length of the main breeding season.
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