Title
**Guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase 1** promoter deletion causes dopa-responsive dystonia **Guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase 1** promoter deletion causes dopa-responsive dystonia
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
New York ,
Subject
Biology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Movement disorders: video, videotape supplements. - New York
Volume/pages
27(2012) :11 , p. 1451-1456
ISSN
0885-3185
ISI
000309915500024
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Background: Autosomal dominant dopa-responsive dystonia (AD-DRD) is caused by a biochemical defect primarily resulting from guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase 1 gene (GCH1) mutations. Few families have been reported without mutations in GCH1. Methods: Genome-wide linkage analysis and positional cloning to identify the genetic defect in a Belgian AD-DRD family was carried out. Results and Conclusion: In this study, we report on the identification and characterization of a novel 24-kb deletion spanning exon 1 and the 5′ regulatory region of GCH1 causing a wide spectrum of motor and nonmotor symptoms in a large Belgian AD-DRD family. This large-scale deletion of regulatory sequences leads to decreased GCH1 activity in all carriers, most probably resulting from allelic loss of transcription. We mapped the breakpoints of this deletion to the nucleotide level, allowing the development of a straightforward polymerase chain reaction assay for fast, efficient detection of this large deletion, which will prove valuable for preimplantation genetic diagnosis.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/50f3b3/39de0cf2bc5.pdf
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