Observation of an organic acid mediated spin state transition in a Co(II)-Schiff base complex : an EPR, HYSCORE, and DFT study
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Inorganic chemistry / American Chemical Society. - Easton, Pa
, p. 8014-8024
University of Antwerp
The interactions of a weak organic acid (acetic acid, HOAc) with a toluene solution of the Co-II-Schiff base type complex, (R,R')-N,N'-bis(3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylidene)-1,2-cyclohexane-diamino Co-II (labeled [Co(I)]), was investigated using EPR, HYSCORE, and DFT computations. This activated [Co-II(1)] system is extremely important within the context of asymmetric catalysts (notably the hydrolytic kinetic resolution of epoxides) despite the lack of detailed structural information about the nature of the paramagnetic species present. Under anaerobic conditions, the LS [Co-II(1)] complex with a |yz, (2)A(2)> ground state is converted into a low-spin (LS) and a high-spin (HS) complex in the presence of the acid. The newly formed LS state is assigned to the coordinated [Co-II(1)]-(HOAc) complex, possessing a |z(2), (2)A(1)> ground state (species A; g(x) = 2.42, g(y) = 2.28, g(z) = 2.02, A(x) = 100, A(y) = 120, A(z) = 310 MHz). The newly formed HS state is assigned to an acetate coordinated [Co-II(1)]-(OAc-) complex, possessing an S = 3/2 spin ground state (species B, responsible for a broad EPR signal with g approximate to 4.6). These spin ground states were confirmed with DFT calculations using the hybrid BP86 and B3LYP functionals. Under aerobic conditions, the LS and HS complexes (species A and B) are not observed; instead, a new HS complex (species C) is formed. This complex is tentatively assigned to a paramagnetic superoxo bridged dimer (AcO-)[Co-II(1)center dot center dot center dot(O2-CoIII)(1)](HOAc), as distinct from the more common diamagnetic peroxo bridged dimers. Species C is characterized by a very broad HS EPR signal (g(x) = 5.1, g(y) = 3.9, g(z) = 2.1) and is reversibly formed by oxygenation of the LS [Co-II(1)O-2(-)] (HOAc) complex to the superoxo complex [Co-III(1)O-2(-)](HOAc), which subsequently forms the association complex C by interaction with the HS [Co-II(1)](OAc-) species. The LS and HS complexes were also identified using other organic acids (benzoic and propanoic acid). Thermal annealing-quenching experiments revealed the additional presence of [Co-III(1)O-2(-)](HOAc) adducts, corroborating the presence of species C and the presence of diamagnetic dimer complexes in the solution, such as the EPR silent (HOAc)[Co-III(1)(O-2(2-))Co-III(1)](HOAc). Overall, it appears that a facile interconversion of the [Co(1)] complex, possessing a LS ground state, occurs in the presence of acetic acid, producing both HS and LS Co-II states, prior to formation of the oxidized active form of the catalyst, [Co-III(1)](OAc-).