Fasting goldfish, **Carassius auratus**, and common carp, **Cyprinus carpio**, use different metabolic strategies when swimming
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Comparative biochemistry and physiology : A : molecular & integrative physiology. - London
, p. 327-335
University of Antwerp
Fish need to balance their energy use between digestion and other activities, and different metabolic compromises can be pursued. We examined the effects of fasting (7 days) on metabolic strategies in goldfish and common carp at different swimming levels. Fasting had no significant effect on swimming performance (Ucrit) of either species. Feeding and swimming profoundly elevated total ammonia (Tamm) excretion in both species. In fed goldfish, this resulted in increased ammonia quotients (AQ), and additionally plasma and tissue ammonia levels increased with swimming reflecting the importance of protein contribution for aerobic metabolism. In carp, AQ did not change since oxygen consumption (MO2) and Tamm excretion followed the same trend. Plasma ammonia did not increase with swimming suggesting a balance between production and excretion rate except for fasted carp at Ucrit. While both species relied on anaerobic metabolism during exhaustive swimming, carp also showed increased lactate levels during routine swimming. Fasting almost completely depleted glycogen stores in carp, but not in goldfish. Both species used liver protein for basal metabolism during fasting and muscle lipid during swimming. In goldfish, feeding metabolism was sacrificed to support swimming metabolism with similar MO2 and Ucrit between fasted and fed fish, whereas in common carp feeding increased MO2 at Ucrit to sustain feeding and swimming independently.