Title
Allograft tympanoplasty : a historical perspective Allograft tympanoplasty : a historical perspective
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Philadelphia, Pa. ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Otology and neurotology. - Philadelphia, Pa.
Volume/pages
34(2013) :1 , p. 180-188
ISSN
1531-7129
ISI
000312394800033
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Objective: To present the rise and decline of allograft tympanoplasty and investigate how the challenges it has faced may inform us of its future. Data Sources: Articles and books published over the last 48 years that refer to allograft tympanoplasty or its historical roots. History: The first published account of allograft tympanoplasty is by Ned Chalat in 1964; however, whether he was the first to use the technique is controversial. In 1966, Jean Marquet published the first clinically successful use of allograft tympanic membranes. Since that time, a number of surgeons have trialed both en bloc tympano-ossicular techniques and tympanomeatal techniques with separate ossicle interposition or columellar reconstruction, often with considerable success. The advent of the human immunodeficiency virus and Creutzfeldt-Jakob's disease resulted in a reduction in its application; however, a number of centers are still successfully using the technique in their current practice. Conclusion: Whether allograft tympanoplasty will have a place in the future of otology remains to be seen, but an understanding of the history of this technique is essential in evaluating its merit.
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