Title
Plasma species interacting with nickel surfaces : toward an atomic scale understanding of plasma-catalysis
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
Washington, D.C. ,
Subject
Physics
Chemistry
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
The journal of physical chemistry : C : nanomaterials and interfaces. - Washington, D.C., 2007, currens
Volume/pages
116(2012) :39 , p. 20958-20965
ISSN
1932-7447
1932-7455
ISI
000309375700040
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The adsorption probability and reaction behavior of CHx plasma species on various nickel catalyst surfaces is investigated by means of reactive molecular dynamics (MD) simulations using the ReaxFF potential. Such catalysts are used in the reforming of hydrocarbons and in the growth of carbon nanotubes, and further insight in the underlying mechanisms of these processes is needed to increase their applicability. Single and consecutive impacts of CHx radicals (x={1,2,3}) were performed on four different Ni surfaces, at a temperature of 400 K. The adsorption probability is shown to be related to the number of free electrons, i.e. a higher number leads to more adsorptions, and the steric hindrance caused by the hydrogen atoms bonded to the impacting CHx species. Furthermore, some of the CH bonds break after adsorption, which generally leads to diffusion of the hydrogen atom over the surface. Additionally, these adsorbed H-atoms can be used in reactions to form new molecules, such as CH4 and C2Hx, although this is dependent on the precise morphology of the surface. New molecules are also formed by subtraction of H-atoms from adsorbed radicals, leading to occasional formation of H2 and C2Hx molecules.
E-info
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