Title
Estimating the population prevalence and force of infection directly from antibody titres Estimating the population prevalence and force of infection directly from antibody titres
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
,
Subject
Mathematics
Source (journal)
Statistical modelling: an international journal. - Place of publication unknown
Volume/pages
12(2012) :5 , p. 441-462
ISSN
1471-082X
ISI
000308652200003
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The use of threshold values in order to diagnose individual subjects as being 'susceptible' or 'infected or recovered/immune' for a specific infection is virtually always prone to false positive, false negative or inconclusive classifications. Such misclassifications might lead to biased estimates for epidemiological parameters, such as the prevalence and the force of infection. In this article, we propose to estimate these epidemiological parameters directly from antibody titres, using an underlying mixture model. The method is applied to estimate the Salmonella serological prevalence in pigs and the age-dependent force of infection using serological data on the Varicella-Zoster virus (VZV) in humans. The threshold and direct method are compared through a simulation study.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/8f0918/41c2781.pdf
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