DPP4 inhibition improves functional outcome after renal ischemia-reperfusion injury
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology
, p. 681-688
University of Antwerp
Glorie LF, Verhulst A, Matheeussen V, Baerts L, Magielse J, Hermans N, D'Haese PC, De Meester I, De Beuf A. DPP4 inhibition improves functional outcome after renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 303: F681-F688, 2012. First published June 20, 2012; doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00075.2012.-Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) is an exopeptidase which modulates the function of its substrates, among which are insulin-releasing incretins. DPP4 inhibitors are currently used to improve glucose tolerance in type 2 diabetes patients. Inhibition of DPP4 exhibits protective effects on ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) of the heart and lung. As DPP4 and its substrates are also expressed in the kidney, we studied the effect of the DPP4 inhibitor vildagliptin on the outcome of IRI-induced acute kidney injury in rats in a model of 30-min unilateral renal ischemia, followed by contralateral nephrectomy. Saline, 1, or 10 mg/kg vildagliptin (VG1/VG10) was administered intravenously 15 min before the surgery. Animals were euthanized after 2, 12, amd 48 h of reperfusion. DPP4 inhibition resulted in a significant dose-dependent decrease in serum creatinine (1.31 +/- 0.32 and 0.70 +/- 0.19 mg/dl for VG1 and VG10, respectively, vs. 1.91 +/- 0.28 mg/dl for controls at 12 h; P < 0.01). Tubular morphology (PAS-PCNA) revealed significantly reduced tubular necrosis at 12 h (62.1 +/- 18.0 and 77.5 +/- 22.0% in VG10 and saline, respectively). VG did not affect regeneration but decreased apoptosis, as shown by twofold decreased Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA expression and a threefold decrease in apoptotic bodies on terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling-stained sections. VG treatment significantly reduced serum malondialdehyde twofold in both VG1- and VG10-treated ischemic and sham-operated animals compared with controls and also resulted in a significant decrease in mRNA expression of the proinflammatory marker CXCL10 at 2 h of reperfusion. Through a mechanism yet to be fully understood, VG treatment results in a functional protection of the kidney against IRI. This protection was associated with antiapoptotic, immunological, and antioxidative changes.