Title
Effect of elevated <tex>$CO_{2}$</tex> and temperature on the oxidative stress response to drought in **Lolium perenne** L. and **Medicago sativa** L. Effect of elevated <tex>$CO_{2}$</tex> and temperature on the oxidative stress response to drought in **Lolium perenne** L. and **Medicago sativa** L.
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
Paris ,
Subject
Biology
Source (journal)
Plant physiology and biochemistry. - Paris, 1987, currens
Volume/pages
59(2012) , p. 55-62
ISSN
0981-9428
ISI
000309622800008
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Studies addressing the combined impact of multiple climate factors on plant abiotic stress responses are still scarce. We investigated physiological and molecular (antioxidant), responses to water deficit, in grassland-model species, Lolium perenne L. and Medicago lupulina L., under future climate conditions, i.e. elevated CO2 (+CO2, +375 ppm) and elevated temperature (+T, +3 degrees C). Elevated CO2, but not warming, significantly increased biomass (gDW) in L. perenne, but not in M. lupulina. Photosynthesis (A(sat)) and stomatal conductance (g(s)), were differently affected by climate in each species, L. perenne generally being more sensitive. Elevated CO2 increased lipid peroxidation levels in M. lupulina, but not in L. perenne, and had no effect on protein oxidation and little effect on antioxidant levels. Drought stress caused severe inhibition in biomass and photosynthesis, most severely in L. perenne, and strongly increased oxidative damage. Elevated CO2 protected against the drought-induced damage. Decreased activities of (A(sat)) and POX may indicate lower levels of oxidative challenge (relaxation) at the level of H2O2 production. Polyphenols, tocopherols and antioxidant capacity, increased under drought stress, in all climate conditions. Elevated CO2, increased reduced ascorbate (ASC) and reduced glutathione (GSH), and their redox status, in both species, although to different levels. Changes in activities of key ASC/GSH cycle enzymes, under stress and climate treatments, showed weak correlations with ASC and GSH levels, indicating the complexity of this network. Together this work supports the idea that redox changes are involved in responses to climate changes, in the absence and presence of water-deficit stress. (C) 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
E-info
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https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/fd9dfe/a4710335.pdf
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