Title
Hydro-chemical survey of groundwater of hisar city and assessment of defluoridation methods used in indiaHydro-chemical survey of groundwater of hisar city and assessment of defluoridation methods used in india
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Research group
Department of Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
Dordrecht,
Subject
Chemistry
Biology
Source (journal)
Environmental monitoring and assessment. - Dordrecht
Volume/pages
132(2007):1-3, p. 33-43
ISSN
0167-6369
ISI
000248624700004
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Ground water quality of Hisar city was assessed for its suitability for drinking purposes. Samples collected from the Bore-wells (forms a part of municipal water supply) and handpumps (direct consumption) were analyzed for the various physico-chemical parameters including pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved salts, total hardness, total alkalinity, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, carbonate, bicarbonate, chloride and sulfate. The concentrations of magnesium, sodium, potassium, sulfate and especially of chloride were found moderately higher than the WHO standards for the drinking water. Further a comparison of fluoride (F-) levels in groundwater of various cities and towns of Haryana state was performed. The relatively higher concentrations of F- in groundwater of Haryana raise the risk of fluorosis and hence groundwater must be used with proper treatment. Promising defluoridation methods using locally available materials and technologies are discussed for the prevention and control of fluorosis. Data were assessed statistically to find the suitable markers of ground water quality as an aid to monitoring groundwater quality.
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