Title
Role of oxidative stress in cardiac dysfunction of <tex>$PPAR\alpha^{-I-}$</tex>mice Role of oxidative stress in cardiac dysfunction of <tex>$PPAR\alpha^{-I-}$</tex>mice
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Publication type
article
Publication
Bethesda, Md ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
American journal of physiology: heart and circulatory physiology. - Bethesda, Md
Volume/pages
293(2007) :1 , p. H93-H102
ISSN
0363-6135
0363-6135
ISI
000247968800015
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
This study was designed to determine the effects of PPAR alpha lack on cardiac mechanical performance and to identify potential intracellular mechanisms linking PPAR alpha pathway deficiency to cardiac contractile dysfunction. Echocardiography, ex vivo papillary muscle assays, and in vitro motility assays were used to assess global, intrinsic ventricular muscle performance and myosin mechanical properties, respectively, in PPAR alpha(-/-) and age-matched wild-type mice. Three-nitrotyrosine formation and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal protein-adducts, both markers of oxidative damage, were analyzed by Western blot analysis and immunolabeling. Radical scavenging capacity was analyzed by measuring protein levels and/or activities of the main antioxidant enzymes, including catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and manganese and copper-inc superoxide dismutases. Echocardiographic left ventricular fractional shortening in PPAR alpha(-/-) was 16% lower than that in wild-type. Ex vivo left ventricular papillary muscle exhibited reduced shortening velocity and isometric tension (three-and two-fold, respectively). In vitro myosin-based velocity was approximate to 20% slower in PPAR alpha(-/-), indicating that myosin itself was involved in the contractile dysfunction. Staining of 3-nitrotyrosine was more pronounced in PPAR alpha(-/-), and myosin heavy chain was the main nitrated protein. Formation of 3-nitrotyrosine myosin heavy chain was twofold higher in PPAR alpha(-/-) and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal protein-adducts were threefold higher. The expression and activity of manganese superoxide dismutase were respectively 33% and 50% lower in PPAR alpha(-/-), with no changes in copper-zinc superoxide dismutase, catalase, or glutathione peroxidase. These findings demonstrate that PPAR alpha pathway deficiency impairs cardiac function and also identify oxidative damage to myosin as a link between PPAR alpha deficiency and contractile dysfunction.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/a0a71b/b234529.pdf
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