Reduced-exposure cyclosporine is safe and efficacious in de novo renal transplant recipients treated with enteric-coated mycophenolic acid and basiliximab
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Clinical nephrology. - München
, p. 164-175
University of Antwerp
Background: The lower limit of exposure to calcineurin inhibitors has not yet been established in de novo renal transplant patients receiving mycophenolic acid therapy with basiliximab. Methods: A 12-month, multicenter, randomized, open-label trial was carried out in which de novo renal transplant patients received enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium, cyclosporine microemulsion, steroids and basiliximab. Patients were randomized to receive standard-exposure (n = 45) or reduced-exposure (n = 44) cyclosporine, based on differing C-2 target ranges, after the first month post-transplant. Results: Cyclosporine exposure gradually increased over the first month and was lower than previously recommended. Mean calculated creatinine clearance (primary end-point) was similar in the standard-exposure and reduced-exposure groups at month 6 (55.3 +/- 3.2 ml/min and 61.5 +/- 3.7 ml/min respectively, n.s.). There were 4 deaths but no death-censored graft losses, resulting in 95.5% patient and graft survival at one year in both groups. At 6 and 12 months, the incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection was 17.8% and 17.8% in the standard-exposure group, and 13.6% and 15.9% in the reduced-exposure group. Adverse events were similar between treatment groups. Exploratory analyses could not identify a lower limit for the optimal CsA exposure range, but results suggested that high exposure at one year was associated with deteriorating renal function. Conclusions: These results indicate that enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium with reduced-exposure cyclosporine, steroids and basiliximab induction has an excellent therapeutic effect and is safe in de novo kidney transplant recipients. Lower C2 targets than previously recommended, particularly early post-transplant, do not appear to be associated with compromised efficacy.