Binocular vision impairment after refractive surgery
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. - Fairfax, Va
20th Congress of the European-Society-of-Cataract-and-Refractive-Surgeons, SEP, 2002, NICE, FRANCE
, p. 101-109
University of Antwerp
Purpose: To illustrate the need for an accurate preoperative orthoptic examination to prevent postoperative changes in binocular vision. Setting. Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium. Methods: Five patients presenting major subjective complaints after refractive surgery were analyzed. Results: In 1 patient, a latent N IV palsy decompensated after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in the more myopic eye to achieve monovision. A second patient, operated on for N IV palsy 10 years earlier, presented a recurrence of the palsy after bilateral LASIK for myopia. The third patient complained of discomfort in binocular vision caused by aggravation of a preexisting intermittent esotropia that worsened after LASIK for hyperopia. The fourth patient complained of diplopia after LASIK in the highly anisometropic and exotropic eye. The fifth patient experienced a decrease in fusion and stereopsis at the time he became anisometropic after bilateral LASIK. Conclusions: Special care should be taken of patients who have a preoperative history of strabismus surgery, an overcorrection or undercorrection in 1 or both eyes, or anisometropia and of those who are unhappy with contact lenses. An orthoptic examination should be done with and without spectacle correction to detect underlying vertical phorias. Intended monovision should be examined initially using contact lenses.