Title
On the synthesis of vanadium containing molecular sieves by experimental design from a <tex>$VOSO_{4}-5H_{2}O-Al(iPrO)_{3}-Pr_{2}NH-H_{2}O$</tex> : occurrence of VAPO-41 as a secondary structure in the synthesis of VAPO-11 On the synthesis of vanadium containing molecular sieves by experimental design from a <tex>$VOSO_{4}-5H_{2}O-Al(iPrO)_{3}-Pr_{2}NH-H_{2}O$</tex> : occurrence of VAPO-41 as a secondary structure in the synthesis of VAPO-11
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam ,
Subject
Physics
Chemistry
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
Microporous and mesoporous materials
Microporous and mesoporous materials: zeolites, clays, carbons and related materials. - Amsterdam
Volume/pages
39(2000) :3 , p. 493-507
ISSN
1387-1811
ISI
000089735100008
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
An experimental design was applied to the hydrothermal synthesis of VAPO-11 molecular sieve (AEL structure) from a VOSO4. 5H(2)O . Al(iPrO)(3). Pr2NH . H2O gel. The influence of five synthesis parameters (synthesis temperature, synthesis time, vanadium content, water content and template content) on the crystallinity and physicochemical properties of the as-synthesized materials was studied. The obtained materials were characterized by electron spin resonance (ESR), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis measurements, scanning electron microscopy and in situ Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The AEL structure appears either as a single phase or as a physical mixture together with the AFO structure (VAPO-41). A statistical model is proposed, which relates the synthesis variables with the crystallinity allowing to indicate the optimal synthesis conditions for VAPO-11. Highly crystalline single-phase VAPO-11 can be best prepared at 170 degrees C from a synthesis gel with a low vanadium content (0.02 mel) and a high water content (25 mol). The co-ordination of vanadium in these materials is discussed on the basis of the ESR and DRS spectra. The spectroscopic data are explained by the presence of a vanadium species in distorted octahedral co-ordination, composed of two V-O-T bonds with the framework, one bond with the vanadyl oxygen and three water molecules as ligands. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
E-info
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