Title
X-ray microdiffraction study of chain orientation in poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide)X-ray microdiffraction study of chain orientation in poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide)
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Research group
Department of Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
Washington, D.C.,
Subject
Chemistry
Source (journal)
Macromolecules / American Chemical Society. - Washington, D.C.
Volume/pages
32(1999):23, p. 7859-7865
ISSN
0024-9297
ISI
000083775500020
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Single fibers of poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide) (PPTA; trade names: Kevlar(29), Kevlar(49), and Kevlar(149)) have been scanned through a 3 mu m diameter X-ray beam and the degree of orientation (f(c)) determined at every point. All samples show a gradient in f(c) values from the skin to the core. The highest degree of orientation was found at the edges of the fibers. This effect is particularly strong for Kevlar(29). In addition, ripples in orientation were observed along the fiber axis for Kevlar(29), but on a smaller scale than the transversal gradient. Upon tensile deformation up to about 3 GPa applied stress, the transversal f(c) anisotropy is gradually reduced and disappears at the highest stress values. Kevlar(29) attains at about 1.5 GPa applied stress the same degree of orientation as Kevlar(49).
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