Limited acute dissections of the abdominal-aorta : report of five cases
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
The journal of cardiovascular surgery. - Torino
, p. 298-304
University of Antwerp
Within a two year period, the diagnosis of acute dissection of a segment of the abdominal aorta was made in five cases without aneurysmal dilatation or leakage and with virtually no ischaemia. All patients presented with an atypical painful abdominal syndrome and the diagnosis was made by computed tomography. Only one patient, suffering persistent pain was treated by resection and graft interposition of the infrarenal aorta. All the others were treated conservatively and kept under close follow-up. Two of them died from intercurrent disease. The remaining three patients are doing well after 30 and 42 months conservative treatment and 43 months after surgery respectively. A non-complicated dissection of the abdominal aorta must be considered in the differential diagnosis of atypical painful abdominal syndromes. In cases of persistent pain, progression, ischaemia, aneurysmal dilatation or leakage, surgical treatment is mandatory. In uncomplicated cases conservative treatment is recommended, similar to the principles of management for dissections of the descending thoracic aorta.