Title
Effect of wintering area and climate on the survival of adult Atlantic puffins Fratercula arctica in the eastern Atlantic Effect of wintering area and climate on the survival of adult Atlantic puffins Fratercula arctica in the eastern Atlantic
Author
Publication type
article
Publication
Halstenbek :Inter-research ,
Subject
Chemistry
Biology
Source (journal)
Marine ecology progress series. - Halstenbek
Volume/pages
297(2005) , p. 283-296
ISSN
0171-8630
ISI
000231718800024
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Despite contrasting population trends ranging from -3 to + 11% per annum, the annual survival rates of Atlantic puffins Fratercula arctica in the 5 colonies spanning the species range in the east Atlantic were virtually identical over a 10 to 15 yr period, giving no support to the hypothesis that variation in population growth rates is driven by adult survival. The extent to which survival varied among years differed markedly between colonies. Similarities between colonies in the patterns of inter-annual variation in survival did not reflect similarities in wintering areas, as indicated by recoveries of ringed birds, nor the geographic proximity of the colonies. However, survival in 4 of the 5 colonies correlated with sea surface temperatures around each colony 2 yr earlier. The relationship between survival and sea temperature was positively correlated with the effects of sea temperature on recruitment of the Atlantic puffin's main prey species, the lesser sandeel Ammodytes marinus, the herring Clupea harengus and the capelin Mallotus villosus.
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