Speech recognition with a cochlear implant using triphasic charge-balanced pulsesSpeech recognition with a cochlear implant using triphasic charge-balanced pulses
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Acta oto-laryngologica. - Stockholm, 1918, currens
124(2004):4, p. 371-375
University of Antwerp
Objective-Typically, symmetrical charge-balanced biphasic current pulses are used in cochlear implants to ensure biological safety Theoretically, monophasic pulses are more effective, but potentially noxious, stimuli. In this study we charge-balanced such monophasic pulse; during selected non-stimulated intervals, effectively leading to triphasic pulses with a 4:1 amplitude ratio between the cathodic and anodic phases. Apart from ensuring safety, this is also expected to reduce power consumption and channel interaction. Material and Methods-Seven experienced Clarion CII cochlear implant users with a multichannel (12-16 channels) monopolar continuous interleaved sampling (CIS) strategy participated in the study Three different CIS strategies were fitted using the Clarion Research Interface (CRI-2). The reference was an implementation of each subject's own CIS program. The two strategies tested used triphasic pulses on the same channels, one with half-wave rectification (TP-HWR) and one without rectification (TP-NoR) at the input. Directly after fitting (i.e. without any training), speech perception (phoneme score on consonant-vowel-consonant words) was measured in silence (sound-only) and in speech-shaped background noise with signal:noise ratios (SNRs) of +5 and 0 dB. Results-Speech perception with the reference via the CRI-2 was equal to that of the free-field condition with the subjects' own speech processor. With the TP-NoR strategy, speech perception improved significantly (from 89% to 93%) in silence and in the 0-dB SNR condition (from 43% to 49%). With a SNR of +5 dB, performance was stable at approximate to 66%. With the TP-HWR strategy, performance increased significantly in the 0- and +5-dB SNR conditions, to 55% and 74%, respectively. Power consumption was reduced in both strategies, to 30% and 36% for TP-HWR and TP-NoR, respectively. Conclusion-The new triphasic strategies are most promising, with respect to both their improved speech perception and reduced power requirements. The optimal parameters will have to be identified following long-term use.