Title
Simple worldwide gold standards (cfr Enoch) for a functional examination approach to neuro-ophthalmological signs (the essentials) Simple worldwide gold standards (cfr Enoch) for a functional examination approach to neuro-ophthalmological signs (the essentials)
Author
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Neuro-ophthalmology. - Amsterdam
Volume/pages
23(2000) :1 , p. 49-61
ISSN
0165-8107
ISI
000086838900008
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
There is a definite need for standardized examination methods to detect defects at the level of the different subsystem-afferent pathways as early as possible. Standardized methods are also needed for screening ( acuity, pattern, contrast, flicker, color, movement, direction) as their impairment may often suggest neuro-ophthalmological disease. This is especially interesting when the eye fundus is unremarkable and refraction and visual acuity cannot to trusted because of ocular refractive media opacities, and in cases where suppressive visual loss may be present. Physicians must not rely on one single objective or subjective test, but consider a combination of several tests, including full fundus examination. They should start with the good eye.
E-info
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Handle