Title
Van der Waals complexes between unsaturated hydrocarbons and boron trifluoride : an infrared and ab initio study of <tex>$Ethene\cdot BF_{3}$</tex> and <tex>$Propene\cdot BF_{3}$</tex> Van der Waals complexes between unsaturated hydrocarbons and boron trifluoride : an infrared and ab initio study of <tex>$Ethene\cdot BF_{3}$</tex> and <tex>$Propene\cdot BF_{3}$</tex>
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam :Elsevier science bv ,
Subject
Chemistry
Source (journal)
Journal of molecular structure. - Amsterdam
Source (book)
24th European Congress on Molecular Spectroscopy, AUG 23-28, 1998, CZECH TECH UNIV, PRAGUE, CZECH REPUBLIC
Volume/pages
481(1999) , p. 489-493
ISSN
0022-2860
ISI
000080906300072
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The mid-infrared spectra of C2H2/BF3 and C3H4/BF3 mixtures dissolved in liquefied argon are discussed. For both Lewis bases, the formation of a 1:1 van der Waals complex was observed, while at higher concentrations of BF3 bands of a 1:2 species C3H4 . (BF3)(2) were also observed. Using spectra recorded at different temperatures, the complexation enthalpy for C2H2 . BF3 was determined to be - 9.3(4) kJ mol(-1), while for C3H4 . BF3S and C3H4 . (BF3)(2) the Delta H degrees are - 13.2(4) kJ mol(-1) and -19.8(12) kJ mol(-1), respectively. For the 1:1 complexes the equilibrium geometry and the vibrational frequencies were calculated using ab initio calculations at the MP2/6-31 + G(d) level. Using a SCRF/SCIPCM scheme to correct for solvent influences, and statistical thermodynamics to account for zero-point vibrational and thermal contributions, approximate values for the gas phase complexation were calculated. The resulting complexation energies for C2H2 . BF3, C3H4 . BF3 and C3H4 . (BF3)(2) are - 13.3(8) kJ mol(-1), - 17.8(8) kJ mol(-1) and - 28.2(24) kJ mol(-1), respectively. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B,V. All rights reserved.
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