Title 



A reasoning framework for solving nonograms
 
Author 



 
Abstract 



Nonograms, also known as Japanese puzzles, are logic puzzles that are sold by many news paper vendors. The challenge is to fill a grid with black and white pixels in such a way that a given description for each row and column, indicating the lengths of consecutive segments of black pixels, is adhered to. Although the Nonograms in puzzle books can usually be solved by hand, the general problem of solving Nonograms is NPhard. In this paper, we propose a local reasoning framework that can be used to deduce the value of certain pixels in the puzzle, given a partial filling. By iterating this procedure, starting from an empty grid, it is often possible to solve the puzzle completely. Our approach is based on ideas from dynamic programming, 2satisfiability problems, and network flows. Our experimental results demonstrate that the approach is capable of solving a variety of Nonograms that cannot be solved by simple logic reasoning within individual rows and columns, without resorting to branching operations. Moreover, all the computations involved in the solution process can be performed in polynomial time.   
Language 



English
 
Source (journal) 



Lecture notes in computer science.  Berlin, 1973, currens  
Source (book) 



12th International Workshop on Combinatorial Image Analysis, Apr 0709, 2008, Buffalo, NY  
Publication 



Berlin : Springer, 2008
 
ISBN 



9783540782742
 
Volume/pages 



4958(2008), p. 372383
 
ISI 



000254600100033
 
Full text (Publisher's DOI) 


  
