Title
Adverse clinical events in patients treated with sirolimus-eluting stents: the impact of Type D personality Adverse clinical events in patients treated with sirolimus-eluting stents: the impact of Type D personality
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Philadelphia :Lippincott williams & wilkins ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation. - London
Source (book)
Spring Meeting of the, ESC-Working-Group-on-Cardiac-Rehabilitation-and-Exercise-Physiology, APR, 2005, Louvain, BELGIUM
Volume/pages
14(2007) :1 , p. 135-140
ISSN
1741-8267
ISI
000244796200020
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Background Little is known about the impact of psychological risk factors on cardiac prognosis in the drug-eluting stent era. We examined whether the distressed personality (Type D) moderates the effect of percutaneous coronary intervention with sirolimus-eluting stent implantation on adverse clinical events at 2-year follow-up. Type D is an emerging risk factor in patients with cardiovascular disease. Design Prospective follow-up study. Methods Three hundred and fifty-eight patients with ischemic heart disease, who consecutively underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with sirolimus-eluting stent as part of the Rapamycin-Eluting Stent Evaluated At Rotterdam Cardiology Hospital registry, completed the Type D Scale (DS14) post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The end-point was a composite of death and non-fatal myocardial infarction 2 years after PCI. Results At follow-up, there were 22 events (12 deaths and 11 myocardial infarctions). Type D patients had a greater than two-fold risk of an event at follow-up compared with non-Type D patients (10.4 vs. 4.4%, P=0.031). In multivariable analysis, Type D remained an independent predictor of adverse outcome (hazard ratio: 2.61; 95% confidence interval: 1.12-6.09; P=0.027) adjusting for sex, age, and history of coronary artery disease, multivessel disease, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, renal impairment and smoking. Previous cardiac history was also an independent predictor of death or myocardial infarction (hazard ratio: 2.83; 95% confidence interval: 1.00-7.96; P=0.049). Conclusions Type D personality moderated the effect of percutaneous coronary intervention on hard clinical events despite treatment with the latest innovation in interventional cardiology. The inclusion of psychological risk factors in general and personality factors in particular may optimize risk stratification in the drug-eluting stent era.
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