Publication
Title
Critical review of oral drug treatments for diabetic neuropathic pain - clinical outcomes based on efficacy and safety data from placebo-controlled and direct comparative studies
Author
Abstract
The present review aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a selection of oral treatments for the management of painful diabetic neuropathy. A literature review was conducted retrieving placebo-controlled and direct comparative studies with a selection of oral treatments for painful diabetic neuropathy. All studies were analyzed with regard to efficacy and tolerability. Efficacy was evaluated as the percentage improvement in pain intensity between baseline and endpoint. Tolerability was evaluated by means of study discontinuations due to adverse events and by incidence of drug-related adverse events. The analyzed trials enrolled different patient populations with mostly small numbers of patients. The great variability in dosages and dose titration schemes, cross-over designs with variable wash-out periods, and other design schemes made comparison between the different studies difficult. Gabapentin, lamotrigine, tramadol, oxycodone, mexiletine, and acetyl-L-carnitine were the only treatments studied in large (at least 100 patients), placebo-controlled parallel group trials. It is concluded that standardization in design and reporting for comparison of treatments is needed. Validated questionnaires for evaluation of the efficacy and safety should be further developed. Based on the reviewed randomised controlled trials, gabapentin shows good efficacy, a favourable side-effect profile with lack of drug interactions and therefore it may be a first choice treatment in painful diabetic neuropathy, especially in the elderly. However, head to head trials of current treatments are lacking and therefore randomized controlled trials are required to address this issue. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews. - Chichester
Publication
Chichester : 2005
ISSN
1520-7552
Volume/pages
21:3(2005), p. 231-240
ISI
000229310300001
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 03.01.2013
Last edited 14.11.2017
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