Title
Chronic suppurative otitis media and related complications at the University Clinic of KinshasaChronic suppurative otitis media and related complications at the University Clinic of Kinshasa
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Research group
Translational Neurosciences (TNW)
Department of Physics
Publication type
article
Publication
Brussel,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Acta oto-rhino-laryngologica Belgica. - Brussel
B-ENT. - Leuven
Volume/pages
1(2005):2, p. 57-62
ISSN
0001-6497
ISI
000238253600001
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Chronic suppurative otitis media and related complications at the University Clinic of Kinshasa. During the five-year period from 1998 to 2002, the ENT department of the University Clinic of Kinshasa treated 343 patients suffering from chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) and complications. Two hundred and seven patients had simple, 28 had cholesteatomatous form of CSOM, and 108 patients presented with intratemporal or intracranial complications. Roughly half of the patient group consisted of children younger than 10 years. The simple form of CSOM affects men and women equally, but the cholesteatomatous form was more prevalent among men. Otorrhoea and hearing loss were the major presenting symptoms. Hearing loss was moderate to severe in 2/3 and slight in 1/3 of the audiometrically tested ears. A mastoidectomy was performed on 55% of the patients. Roughly 1/3 of the patients presented with complications, the majority of which (69) were subperiostal abscesses. Complications other than subperiostal abscesses were associated with a high morbitidy and a few patients even died. Our data suggest that the prevalence of CSOM in the Kinshasa area is at least 4% and, in fact, has not declined over the last 20 years.
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