Treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts by laparoscopic cystogastrostomy
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Annales de chirurgie. - Paris
, p. 347-352
University of Antwerp
Aim. -To evaluate the clinical results of laparoscopic cystogastrostomy and to determine the potential advantages of this new therapeutic option. Patients and methods. - This study concerned 12 patients presenting with pancreatic pseudocyst and operated on by laparoscopic cystogastrostomy between 1997 and 2002. There were five men and seven women with a median age of 46 years (range: 30-72). In ten patients, the pseudocyst developed after acute pancreatitis and the median delay between the acute onset and surgery was 7 months (range: 2-24). In two patients, the pseudocyst was associated with chronic pancreatitis. All the patients had a single cyst bulging into the posterior wall of the stomach and the median cyst diameter was 9 cm (range: 5-14). Results. - Endoluminal gastric laparoscopy was used in six patients and intraperitoneal transgastric laparoscopy in six patients. Conversion to open surgery was required in one patient because the cyst could not be correctly localised by laparoscopy. The median size of the cystogastrostomy was 3 cm (range: 2-5). In eight patients, necrotic debris were still present within the cyst. The median operative time was 90 min (range: 60-140) and the median postoperative hospital stay was 6 days (range: 4-24). No mortality was recorded and postoperative morbidity was limited to one haematoma of the rectus sheath on a port site. One patient was readmitted on the 20th postoperative day because of cyst infection due to partial closure of the cystogastrostomy and was treated by endoscopic placement of a stent. One patient was lost for follow-up 2 months after surgery. With a median clinical and radiological follow-up of 12 months (range: 6-36), no recurrence of pancreatic pseudocyst was observed. Conclusions. - In this series, laparoscopic cystogastrostomy is associated with a low postoperative morbidity and an effective permanent result. Laparoscopy has two main advantages: an excellent control of haemostasis and the creation of a wide communication with debridement of the cyst contents thus minimizing the risk of infection or recurrence of the pseudocyst. (C) 2004 Elsevier SAS. Tons droits reserves.