In vivo induction of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor and CD44v6 confers homing and adhesion to murine multiple myeloma cells
Baltimore, Md :Waverly
Cancer research. - Baltimore, Md, 1941, currens
, p. 3096-3104
University of Antwerp
One of the main characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) cells is their specific homing and growth in the bone marrow (BM). Differences between stroma-dependent and -independent MM cell lines may reveal key molecules that play important roles in their homing to the BM. We addressed this topic with a murine MM model, including the in vivo 5T33MM (5T33MMvv) stroma-dependent cell line and its in vitro stroma-independent variant (5T33MMvt). Fluorescence-activated cell-sorting analysis showed expression of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I receptor and CD44v6 on all 5T33MMvv cells but not on 5T33MMvt cells. Checkerboard analysis and adhesion assays revealed IGF-I-dependent chemotaxis toward BM-conditioned medium and involvement of CD44v6 in the adhesion to BM stroma of only 5T33MMvv cells. However, when 5T33MMvt cells were injected in vivo (5T33MMvt-vv), after 18 h the MM cells harvested from BM were IGP-I receptor and CD44v6 positive. This up-regulation was confirmed in 5T33MMvt-vv cells isolated from terminally diseased animals. These 5T33MMvt-vv cells exhibited IGF-I-dependent chemotaxis and CD44v6-dependent adhesion to BM stroma. In vitro culture of the 5T33MMvt-vv cells could completely down-regulate IGF-I receptor and CD44v6. In fact, we could show that direct contact of 5T33MMvt cells with BM endothelial cells is a prerequisite for IGF-I receptor and CD44v6 up-regulation. These data indicate that the BM microenvironment is capable of up-regulating molecules such as IGF-I receptor and CD44v6, which facilitate homing of MM cells to the BM and support their adhesion to BM stroma.