Publication
Title
Flow cytometric detection of type 1 (IL-2, ) and type 2 (IL-4, IL-5) cytokines in T-helper and T-suppressor/cytotoxic cells in rheumatoid arthritis, allergic asthma and atopic dermatitis
Author
Abstract
Type 1 cytokines (a.o. IL-2 and IFN-gamma) play an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. On the other hand, IgE-mediated diseases such as allergic asthma and atopic dermatitis show a type 2 cytokine (amongst others IL-4 and IL-5) profile. This study examined simultaneously the intracellular production of IL-2, IFN-gamma, IL-4 and IL-5 in T-lymphocytes of patients with rheumatoid arthritis during treatment with methotrexate or salazopyrin, patients with allergic asthma or atopic dermatitis under stable treatment, compared to healthy controls. A three-colour flow cytometric analysis was used for cytokine detection in T-helper cells and T-suppressor/cytotoxic cells. Compared to controls, patients with symptomatic atopic dermatitis showed an increased number of IL-4-producing T-helper lymphocytes in basal circumstances (P=0.001), in contrast to asymptomatic allergic asthma patients. Compared to controls, rheumatoid arthritis patients, treated with salazopyrin, showed an increased number of IL-2-producing T-helper and T-suppressor/cytotoxic lymphocytes after in vitro stimulation with PMA and ionomycin (P=0.01). In contrast, rheumatoid arthritis patients, treated with methotrexate, a more potent disease modifying drug, did not show this type 1 cytokine profile. A positive correlation was found between the number of IFN-gamma producing T-helper cells and disease activity (Ritchie Index and number of swollen joints) in both rheumatoid arthritis patient groups. Active atopic dermatitis patients showed a type 2 cytokine profile, whereas stable asthma patients with lower disease activity did not show a predominance of type 2 cytokines. Rheumatoid arthritis patients under treatment with salazopyrin had a type 1 cytokine profile, which could not be demonstrated in patients treated with methotrexate. This imbalance between type 1 and type 2 cytokines in different immune mediated disorders can be related with treatment and the grade of disease activity. These results stress the need for further investigation of the influence of therapy on cytokine profiles. (C) 1999 Academic Press.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Cytokine. - Philadelphia, Pa
Publication
Philadelphia, Pa : 1999
ISSN
1043-4666
Volume/pages
11:10(1999), p. 783-788
ISI
000082855700008
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 03.01.2013
Last edited 26.04.2017
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