Title
Creation of VOx surface species on pure silica MCM-48 using gas-phase modification with VO(acac)(2) Creation of VOx surface species on pure silica MCM-48 using gas-phase modification with VO(acac)(2)
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
Washington, D.C. ,
Subject
Chemistry
Source (journal)
The journal of physical chemistry: B
The journal of physical chemistry : B : materials, surfaces, interfaces and biophysical. - Washington, D.C., 1997, currens
Volume/pages
102(1998) :3 , p. 585-590
ISSN
1089-5647
ISI
000071802700015
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Pure silica MCM-48 is prepared by a novel synthesis method, using the [C18H37N+(CH3)(2)-(CH2)(12)-N+(CH3)(2)C18H37].2Br(-) surfactant, abbreviated as GEMINI 18-12-18. The MCM-48, obtained after careful calcination, is a highly crystalline, mesoporous material with the characteristics of the Ia3d cubic phase, a surface area exceeding 1000 m(2)/g, and a narrow mesoporous pore size distribution (r = 1.4 nm; fwhh < 0.2 nm). This MCM support is grafted with VOx species using a designed dispersion of VO(acac)(2) in a gas-deposition reactor. In the first step, the complex is anchored to the support. In a subsequent step the adsorbed complex is thermolyzed to yield chemically bonded VOx surface species, The final material contains 1.7 mmol V/g (8.7 wt % V) and still has a narrow pore-size distribution and a surface area of 800 m(2)/g. It is observed that all silanols are consumed during the adsorption of the VO(acac)(2) complex to the MCM support. Therefore, the maximum achievable number of surface V species is limited by the silanol number and not by the geometrical surface, which has a higher capacity, After calcination of the adsorbed complex, the supported VOx species are present in a strictly tetrahedral configuration, mainly as chains of linked tetrahedra and not as isolated species.
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