Title
Bilateral adrenal swelling as a cause of chest, back, and upper abdominal pain in essential thrombocythemia and polycythemia vera is due to microvascular ischemic thrombosis rather than to hemorrhage Bilateral adrenal swelling as a cause of chest, back, and upper abdominal pain in essential thrombocythemia and polycythemia vera is due to microvascular ischemic thrombosis rather than to hemorrhage
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
University Hospital Antwerp
Publication type
article
Publication
Berlin ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Annals of hematology. - Berlin
Volume/pages
81(2002) :12 , p. 691-694
ISSN
0939-5555
ISI
000180045400002
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Bilateral massive adrenal swelling (BAS) on computed tomography (CT) scan with no enhancement after injection of intravenous contrast media has been observed in two completely different clinical settings. On the one hand, BAS is the result of ischemic necrosis and subsequent hemorrhagic infarction in patients with sepsis and hypotension in critically ill situations. On the other hand, BAS is the result of microvascular thrombosis, ischemia, and secondary inflammatory swelling in the setting of thrombotic conditions such as antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis (HITT), and thrombocythemia. In this study we present evidence that the etiology of unilateral or BAS in reported cases of essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV) is similar to the etiology of microvascular circulation disturbances in thrombocythemia caused by platelet-mediated inflammation and thrombosis in the peripheral, cerebral, and/or coronary endarterial microvascular circulation.
E-info
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