A dipeptide metalloendoprotease substrate completely blocks the response of cells in culture to cholera toxinA dipeptide metalloendoprotease substrate completely blocks the response of cells in culture to cholera toxin
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
2000Baltimore, Md, 2000
Journal of biological chemistry. - Baltimore, Md
275(2000):39, p. 30240-30247
University of Antwerp
Prior exposure (15 min at 37 degrees C) of several cell types (Vero, SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma, human intestinal epithelial T84) to 3 mM N-benzoyloxycarbonyl-Gly-Phe-amide (Cbz-Gly-Phe-NH2), a competitive substrate for metalloendoproteases, completely suppressed cholera toxin (CT)-induced intracellular cAMP accumulation. The specificity of the inhibitory effect was demonstrated by the complete lack of effect of the dipeptide Cbz-Gly-Gly-NH2, an inactive analogue of Cbz-Gly-Phe-NH2. The effect was reversible and dose- (IC50 as low as 0.2 mM depending on the cell type) and time-dependent. Adding Cbz-Gly-Phe-NH2 during the lag phase caused a diminution of its inhibitory effect similar to that observed with brefeldin A (BFA). Whereas the dipeptide completely suppressed the CT-induced adenylate cyclase (AC) activity, a direct effect on AC is unlikely since the elevation of intracellular cAMP by forskolin was only slightly reduced. The A(1) peptide of CT and NAD(+) activated the AC to the same extent in membranes from control and Cbz-Gly-Phe-NH2-treated cells or when Cbz-Gly-Phe-NH2 was added directly to the assay. The inhibitory effects of suboptimal amounts of Cbz-Gay-Phe-NH2 and BFA were not additive pointing to a similar mode of action of the two substances. However, Madin-Darby canine kidney cells of which the Golgi structure is BFA-resistant were not resistant to the inhibitory action of Cbz-Gly-Phe-NH2 on CT cytotoxicity, Several lines of evidence indicate that a perturbation of intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis by Cbz-Gly-Phe-NH2 is not responsible for the inhibitory effect of the dipeptide. The dipeptide had also no effect on the binding of I-125-CT to cells and even increased its intracellular internalization. In contrast with BFA, Cbz-Gly-Phe-NH2 did not completely suppress the formation of the catalytically active A(1) fragment from bound CT. The data are compatible with a role of metalloendoprotease activity in the intracellular trafficking and processing of CT, although other mechanisms of action of Cbz-Gly-Phe-NH2 cannot be excluded.