Publication
Title
Polar magnetic field depth as derived from SoHO EIT polar plumes observations
Author
Abstract
The polar corona of the Sun was analysed using the SoHO EIT images at 17.1 nm during June 1, 1997 - June 24, 1998 and the solar eclipses during 1871 - 1997. The depth of the "solar magnet" (SM) or q(t,r) as the distance from the center of the Sun to the intersection of the tangents to the polar coronal plumes at their base at the limb was found. According to the eclipse observations q(t,r) is about (0.45 +/- 0.05)R-. in the solar maximum and (0.65 +/- 0.05)R-. in the solar minimum. According to the SoHO observations q(N) = (0.67 +/- 0.02)R-. and q(S) = (0.71 +/- 0.02)R-. during the minimum activity for 1996, March - October (N for North, S for South). With increase of the solar activity in 1997 - 1998 the value of q(N,t,r) decreases to (0.52+/-0.02)R-. in the Northern hemisphere and to (0.40 +/- 0.02)R-. in the Southern hemisphere whereas the Wolf number increases from 12 to 70.0. A North-South asymmetry Q(t,r) = q(N) - q(S) = - 0.06 (solar radius as unit) has been negative during June 1, 1997 - February 10, 1998 and then it gradually increased and attained a maximum Q(t,r) = 0.17 in mid of May, 1998. An anticorrelation between (q(N) - q(S), W(N)-W(S)) and (W(t), q (t,r)) was found. The relationship between the depth of the "solar magnet" and polar ring - filaments is discussed.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Third advances in solar physics euroconference : magnetic fields and oscillations
Source (book)
3rd Advances in Solar Physics Euroconference on Magnetic Fields and, Oscillations, SEP 22-25, 1998, CAPUTH, GERMANY
Publication
1999
ISBN
1-58381-010-2
Volume/pages
184(1999), p. 334-338
ISI
000084260400049
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 03.01.2013
Last edited 21.04.2017
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