Title
Rwanda's involvement in Eastern DRC : a criminal real options approachRwanda's involvement in Eastern DRC : a criminal real options approach
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Applied Economics
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Research group
Development processes, actors and policies
Faculteit Toegepaste Economische Wetenschappen
Publication type
article
Publication
Dordrecht,
Subject
Sociology
Politics
Law
Source (journal)
Crime, law and social change. - Dordrecht
Volume/pages
59(2013):1, p. 39-62
ISSN
0925-4994
ISI
000314029600003
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
This paper applies an alternative model to analyze criminal behaviour by countries based on real option models. Criminal options incorporate a richer framework than traditional cost-benefit models and allow examining the optimal timing of a crime as criminals have the possibility but not the obligation to commit a crime in the near future. From the model, we show how criminal states can actively manage their criminal options. More importantly, we show how the international community can optimally intervene pro-actively, by reducing the incentives for criminal states to execute their criminal options. These novel insights are then applied to two episodes of criminal behaviour by Rwanda in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC): the massive killing of Hutu refugees by the Rwanda Patriotic Army (RPA) in late 1996- early 1997 and the illegal exploitation of Congolese resources from August 1998 onwards. This article describes and assesses these activities from this real option perspective.
E-info
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