Title
Social capital and post-conflict reconstruction in Burundi : the limits of community-based reconstruction Social capital and post-conflict reconstruction in Burundi : the limits of community-based reconstruction
Author
Faculty/Department
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Publication type
article
Publication
Beverly Hills, Calif. ,
Subject
Politics
Law
Source (journal)
Development and change. - Beverly Hills, Calif.
Volume/pages
44(2013) :1 , p. 147-174
ISSN
0012-155X
1467-7660
ISI
000313721700007
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Using an examination of three NGO interventions in post-conflict Burundi, this article questions community-based reconstruction as a mechanism to rebuild social capital after conflicts, particularly when direct livelihood support is provided. The authors demonstrate a general shortcoming of the methodology employed in community-based development (CBD), namely its focus on technical procedural design, which results in what may be termed supplydriven demand-driven reconstruction. The findings suggest the need for a political economy perspective on social capital, which acknowledges that the effects on social capital are determined by the type of economic resource CBD gives access to. Through the use of a resource typology, the case studies show that the CBD methodology and the potential effects on social capital differ when applied to public and non-strategic versus private and strategic resources. This has particular consequences for post-conflict situations. A generalized application of CBD methodology to post-conflict reconstruction programmes fails to take adequate account of the nature of the interventions and the challenges posed by the particular post-conflict setting. The article therefore questions the current popular social engineering approach to post-conflict reconstruction.
E-info
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