Title
When does globalization lead to local adaptation? The emergence of hybrid Islamic schools in Turkey, 1985-2007 When does globalization lead to local adaptation? The emergence of hybrid Islamic schools in Turkey, 1985-2007
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Applied Economics
Publication type
report
Publication
Antwerp :University of Antwerp, [*]
Subject
Economics
Source (series)
Research paper / UA, Faculty of Applied Economics ; 2012:022
Volume/pages
57 p.,
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Neo-institutionalist perspectives of globalization envision the homogenization of the world through global cultural, economic and political dynamics, while glocalization theory highlights how local cultures may adapt or resist global forces. Based on these theories, we analyze when, where, and why local hybrid organizational forms do emerge as a reaction to globalization. We suggest that the impact of globalization on the emergence and expansion of hybrid organizational forms, which reflect local adaptations of global forms, depend on three types of moderators: the experience of the local community with alternative organizational forms, the motivation of the local community to adapt, and, finally, the fit between global and local ideas, values and practices. We test our hypotheses with data of the high school education system in Turkey from 1990 to 2007, a period in which Turkey experienced a growing impact of globalization.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/2c1a84/83a1a34a.pdf
Handle