When does globalization lead to local adaptation? The emergence of hybrid Islamic schools in Turkey, 1985-2007When does globalization lead to local adaptation? The emergence of hybrid Islamic schools in Turkey, 1985-2007
van Witteloostuijn, Arjen
Faculty of Applied Economics
Antwerp :University of Antwerp, 2012[*]2012
Research paper / UA, Faculty of Applied Economics ; 2012:022
University of Antwerp
Neo-institutionalist perspectives of globalization envision the homogenization of the world through global cultural, economic and political dynamics, while glocalization theory highlights how local cultures may adapt or resist global forces. Based on these theories, we analyze when, where, and why local hybrid organizational forms do emerge as a reaction to globalization. We suggest that the impact of globalization on the emergence and expansion of hybrid organizational forms, which reflect local adaptations of global forms, depend on three types of moderators: the experience of the local community with alternative organizational forms, the motivation of the local community to adapt, and, finally, the fit between global and local ideas, values and practices. We test our hypotheses with data of the high school education system in Turkey from 1990 to 2007, a period in which Turkey experienced a growing impact of globalization.