Publication
Title
Reduction of seizure frequency after epilepsy surgery in a patient with **STXBP1** encephalopathy and clinical description of six novel mutation carriers
Author
Abstract
Mutations in STXBP1 have been identified in a subset of patients with early onset epileptic encephalopathy (EE), but the full phenotypic spectrum remains to be delineated. Therefore, we screened a cohort of 160 patients with an unexplained EE, including patients with early myoclonic encephalopathy (EME), Ohtahara syndrome, West syndrome, nonsyndromic EE with onset in the first year, and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS). We found six de novo mutations in six patients presenting as Ohtahara syndrome (2/6, 33%), West syndrome (1/65, 2%), and nonsyndromic early onset EE (3/64, 5%). No mutations were found in LGS or EME. Only two of four mutation carriers with neonatal seizures had Ohtahara syndrome. Epileptic spasms were present in five of six patients. One patient with normal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) but focal seizures underwent epilepsy surgery and seizure frequency dropped drastically. Neuropathology showed a focal cortical dysplasia type 1a. There is a need for additional neuropathologic studies to explore whether STXBP1 mutations can lead to structural brain abnormalities.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Epilepsia. - Boston, Mass.
Publication
Boston, Mass. : 2013
ISSN
0013-9580
Volume/pages
54:5(2013), p. 74-80
ISI
000318241000004
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 16.02.2013
Last edited 04.10.2017
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