Title
Thinking beyond muscles and joints : therapists' and patients' attitudes and beliefs regarding chronic musculoskeletal pain are key to applying effective treatment Thinking beyond muscles and joints : therapists' and patients' attitudes and beliefs regarding chronic musculoskeletal pain are key to applying effective treatment
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Edinburgh ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Manual therapy / Manipulation Association of Chartered Physiotherapists. - Edinburgh
Volume/pages
18(2013) :2 , p. 96-102
ISSN
1356-689X
ISI
000317416800004
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
It is well established that the biomedical model falls short in explaining chronic musculoskeletal pain. Although many musculoskeletal therapists have moved on in their thinking and apply a broad biopsychosocial view with regard to chronic pain disorders, the majority of clinicians have received a biomedical-focused training/education. Such a biomedical training is likely to influence the therapists' attitudes and core beliefs toward chronic musculoskeletal pain. Therapists should be aware of the impact of their own attitudes and beliefs on the patient's attitudes and beliefs. As patient's attitudes and beliefs influence treatment adherence, musculoskeletal therapists should be aware that focusing on the biomedical model for chronic musculoskeletal pain is likely to result in poor compliance with evidence based treatment guidelines, less treatment adherence and a poorer treatment outcome. Here, we provide clinicians with a 5-step approach toward effective and evidence-based care for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. The starting point entails self-reflection: musculoskeletal therapists can easily self-assess their attitudes and beliefs regarding chronic musculoskeletal pain. Once the therapist holds evidence-based attitudes and beliefs regarding chronic musculoskeletal pain, assessing patients' attitudes and beliefs will be the natural next step. Such information can be integrated in the clinical reasoning process, which in turn results in individually-tailored treatment programs that specifically address the patients' attitudes and beliefs in order to improve treatment adherence and outcome.
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