Publication
Title
Superfluidity and critical velocities in nonequilibrium Bose-Einstein condensates
Author
Abstract
We theoretically study the superfluidity properties of a nonequilibrium Bose-Einstein condensate of exciton polaritons in a semiconductor microcavity under incoherent pumping. The dynamics of the condensate is described at mean-field level in terms of a generalized Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The drag force on a small moving object and the onset of fringes in the density profile are shown to have a sharp threshold as a function of the velocity; a generalized Landau criterion is developed to explain this behavior in terms of the dispersion of elementary excitations. Metastability of supercurrents in multiply-connected geometries is shown to persist up to higher flow speeds.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Physical review letters. - New York, N.Y.
Publication
New York, N.Y. : 2010
ISSN
0031-9007
Volume/pages
105:2(2010), 4 p.
Article Reference
020602
ISI
000279651100001
Medium
E-only publicatie
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 04.03.2013
Last edited 27.05.2017