Title
Impaired processing of FLP and NLP peptides in carboxypeptidase E (EGL-21)-deficient **Caenorhabditis elegans** as analyzed by mass spectrometry Impaired processing of FLP and NLP peptides in carboxypeptidase E (EGL-21)-deficient **Caenorhabditis elegans** as analyzed by mass spectrometry
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
Oxford ,
Subject
Chemistry
Biology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Journal of neurochemistry. - Oxford
Volume/pages
102(2007) :1 , p. 246-260
ISSN
0022-3042
0022-3042
ISI
000247205700021
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Biologically active peptides are synthesized from inactive pre-proproteins or peptide precursors by the sequential actions of processing enzymes. Proprotein convertases cleave the precursor at pairs of basic amino acids, which are then removed from the carboxyl terminus of the generated fragments by a specific carboxypeptidase. Caenorhabditis elegans strains lacking proprotein convertase EGL-3 display a severely impaired neuropeptide profile (Husson et al. 2006, J. Neurochem.98, 1999-2012). In the present study, we examined the role of the C. elegans carboxypeptidase E orthologue EGL-21 in the processing of peptide precursors. More than 100 carboxy-terminally extended neuropeptides were detected in egl-21 mutant strains. These findings suggest that EGL-21 is a major carboxypeptidase involved in the processing of FMRFamide-like peptide (FLP) precursors and neuropeptide-like protein (NLP) precursors. The impaired peptide profile of egl-3 and egl-21 mutants is reflected in some similar phenotypes. They both share a severe widening of the intestinal lumen, locomotion defects, and retention of embryos. In addition, egl-3 animals have decreased intestinal fat content. Taken together, these results suggest that EGL-3 and EGL-21 are key enzymes for the proper processing of neuropeptides that control egg-laying, locomotion, fat storage and the nutritional status.
E-info
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