Title
A novel system allowing long-term simultaneous video-electroencephalography recording, drug infusion and blood sampling in ratsA novel system allowing long-term simultaneous video-electroencephalography recording, drug infusion and blood sampling in rats
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam,
Subject
Chemistry
Biology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Journal of neuroscience methods. - Amsterdam
Volume/pages
179(2009):2, p. 184-190
ISSN
0165-0270
ISI
000265585400005
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Introduction: Electroencephalography (EEG) recording and drug administration is commonly used for neurological experiments in rats, but is typically cumbersome due the use of multiple lines. We have developed a unique system, which allows long-term simultaneous video-electroencephalography recording, drug infusion and blood sampling in rats. Methods: The vEEG/drug infusion system was designed and tested on two contrasting animal models of epilepsy. Animals were implanted with EEG-electrodes and a jugular vein cannula fixed in a head cap, avoiding an additional cable for tethering. In an acute infusion study (n = 16), repeated blood samples were taken after i.v. bolus injection of valproate. In a subset of these rats (n = 10), paired blood samples were removed from the jugular vein and the heart after valproate administration. In a chronic infusion heparinised (4 IU/h) saline or valproate (42 mg/kg/h) was infused continuously for up to study (n = 38). 17 days. Results: In the acute study, repeated blood samples showed a decrease in plasma valproate levels over time following bolus injection. In the chronic study, high quality continuous EEG was achieved and 79% of animals were successfully infused throughout the planned infusion period (13-17 days), with 66% of projected blood samples able to be taken during the infusion. There was a high correlation between the jugular vein and cardiac plasma levels of valproate (Spearman test, r = 0.69: p < 0.05). Conclusion: This system is ideal for pharmacokinetic/dynamic studies and long-term drug infusion where simultaneous EEG and/or frequent blood sampling are desired. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/834438/2a92970.pdf
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