Publication
Title
Transesophageal echocardiography for cardiac thromboembolic risk assessment in patients with severe, symptomatic aortic valve stenosis referred for potential transcatheter aortic valve implantation
Author
Abstract
Background Bare-metal stents trigger a foreign body reaction, resulting in neointima formation and restenosis. Silicon carbide (SiC) coating shields the metal from circulating blood and vessel wall, both potential sources of neointima smooth muscle cells. Methods We investigated whether SiC-coated stents (PRO-Kinetic) have lower clinical target lesion revascularization (TLR) rates than do uncoated bare-metal stents (Vision). Stents were implanted in 2731 patients during 2 consecutive 18-month periods. Clinical TLR was evaluated at 1 year. Results In the PRO-Kinetic group, TLR was significantly higher (9.0% vs 5.6%; unadjusted odds ratio, 1.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24-2.08; P < 0.001) compared with the Vision group. After adjustment for postintervention minimal luminal diameter (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.56; 95% CI, 0.42-0.73), total implanted stent length (AOR, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.00-1.02), nonST-segment elevation myocardial infarction or unstable angina at initial presentation (AOR, 1.89; 95% CI, 1.41-2.54), and triple vessel stenting (AOR, 2.68; 95% CI, 1.02-7.05), the use of PRO-Kinetic stents remained an independent predictor for revascularization (AOR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.18-2.10; P = 0.002). Because strut thickness is lower in 2.0- to 3.0-mm PRO-Kinetic stents, a subgroup analysis (n = 2382 lesions) was performed. Even in this subgroup, PRO-Kinetic implantation proved an independent predictor of TLR (AOR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.17-2.23; P = 0.003). Conclusion In contrast to theoretical expectations, the SiC-coated PRO-Kinetic stent was associated with greater target lesion revascularization rates at 1 year compared with the uncoated Vision stent.
Language
English
Source (journal)
The American journal of cardiology. - New York, N.Y.
Publication
New York, N.Y. : 2013
ISSN
0002-9149
Volume/pages
111:10(2013), p. 1470-1474
ISI
000319371900016
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 13.03.2013
Last edited 20.05.2017
To cite this reference