Publication
Title
Effects of enrichment, leaf position and clone on stomatal index and epidermal cell density in poplar (**Populus**)
Author
Abstract
The effects of CO2 enrichment and leaf position on stomatal characteristics (stomatal density, stomatal index and stomatal pore length) and epidermal cell density were examined for two different Populus clones, Beaupre and Robusta, grown from cuttings in open-top chambers under ambient and elevated atmospheric CO2 conditions. Both clones had amphistomatous leaves, and stomatal density was significantly larger on the abaxial leaf surface than on the adaxial. Significant interactions between CO2 enrichment, leaf position and clone were observed for most stomatal and epidermal characteristics. A significant reduction of the number of stomata mm(-2) under elevated CO2 was observed in expanding leaves near the upper portion of the plant for both leaf surface sides and in both clones. For the abaxial leaf side only, this reduction under elevated CO2 was accompanied by a similar reduction of the stomatal index in both clones. In mature leaves on the middle and lower portion of the plants, there was no significant effect of the CO2 treatment on stomatal density. In young, expanding leaves near the upper part of the plant there were significant interactions between the CO2 treatment and leaf surface side for epidermal cell density. The latter increased under elevated CO2 at the abaxial leaf surface, but decreased at the adaxial surface on the upper part of the plant. Total epidermal cell numbers of mature, fully expanded leaves increased under elevated CO2 in both clones. The observation that interactions with leaf age and/or leaf position significantly confound the CO2 treatment effect on stomatal and epidermal cell densities, might contribute to the elucidation of the problem of the phenomenon of stomatal density reduction under elevated atmospheric CO2.
Language
English
Source (journal)
New phytologist. - Oxford
Publication
Oxford : 1995
ISSN
0028-646X
Volume/pages
131:1(1995), p. 99-107
ISI
A1995RX67900009
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 08.10.2008
Last edited 16.11.2017
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