Publication
Title
Scapular positioning and movement in unimpaired shoulders, shoulder impingement syndrome, and glenohumeral instability
Author
Abstract
The purpose of this manuscript is to review the knowledge of scapular positioning at rest and scapular movement in different anatomic planes in asymptomatic subjects and patients with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) and glenohumeral shoulder instability. We reviewed the literature for all biomechanical and kinematic studies using keywords for impingement syndrome, shoulder instability, and scapular movement published in peer reviewed journal. Based on the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, 30 articles were selected for inclusion in the review. The literature is inconsistent regarding the scapular resting position. At rest, the scapula is positioned approximately horizontal, 35° of internal rotation and 10° anterior tilt. During shoulder elevation, most researchers agree that the scapula tilts posteriorly and rotates both upward and externally. It appears that during shoulder elevation, patients with SIS demonstrate a decreased upward scapular rotation, a decreased posterior tilt, and a decrease in external rotation. In patients with glenohumeral shoulder instability, a decreased scapular upward rotation and increased internal rotation is seen. This literature overview provides clinicians with insight into scapular kinematics in unimpaired shoulders and shoulders with impingement syndrome and instability.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Scandinavian journal of medicine and science in sports. - Copenhagen
Publication
Copenhagen : 2011
ISSN
0905-7188
Volume/pages
21:3(2011), p. 352-358
ISI
000290589700003
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 27.03.2013
Last edited 22.04.2017
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