Publication
Title
Analysis of novel melphalan hydrolysis products formed under isolated lung perfusion conditions using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry
Author
Abstract
RATIONALE Melphalan is a widely used cytotoxic agent in cancer treatments. This phenylalanine analog has been shown an effective drug in the treatment of breast cancer, multiple myeloma and melanoma of the extremities. A good knowledge of the drug's degradation and metabolism are crucial for understanding its activity during cancer treatments. METHODS The formation of hydrolysis products of melphalan is studied using ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Aqueous melphalan solutions were incubated at elevated temperatures and analyzed by UPLC/MS/MS. Two previously described hydrolysis products, mono- and dihydroxymelphalan (MOH and DOH), were formed in vitro and could be characterized during MS/MS and high-resolution experiments. RESULTS Novel compounds with m/z values >500 Da were discovered. Comparison of the fragmentation patterns of these new molecules with those of MOH and DOH show great similarities. The higher masses are explained by the presence of two or more melphalan units. In total, more than 15 new hydrolysis products were found. Experiments were set up to study the formation and the chemical structures of these molecules. CONCLUSIONS The hydrolysis of melphalan is studied in the scope of a phase II clinical trial (isolated lung perfusion, ILuP). Patient samples were screened for the presence of all documented and novel melphalan hydrolysis products. This study reports the formation of a new class of oligomeric compounds in both in vivo and in vitro samples.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry. - London
Publication
London : 2013
ISSN
0951-4198
Volume/pages
27:7(2013), p. 835-841
ISI
000316624100012
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 03.04.2013
Last edited 25.05.2017
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